The light Magazine

Rwanda celebrates World Tuberculosis Day

Written by: Administrator
Friday, March 24th, 2017, 21:35

Kigali: The Ministry of Health through Rwanda Biomedical Centre (RBC) today joined the World to celebrate World Tuberculosis focusing on the young population in Kigali.


World Tuberculosis Day, is annually celebrated on March 24th, to build public awareness on the tuberculosis epidemic which claims one-and-a-half million people each year, mostly in developing countries.


With the theme,"Unite to End TB", the ministry intends to increase public awareness on TB diagnosis, treatment and prevention among Rwandan community. TB has access to adequate TB care, including diagnosis, treatment and cure. The activities took place at Centre de Jeune Kimisagara this Friday.


Activities that preceded TB Day involved working closely with National Youth Council (NYC) to mobilize youth in Nyarugenge, Gasabo and Kicukiro Districts to generate an effective movement in fight against TB. A highly-motivated youth ambassador participated in further sensitization of youth in the city of Kigali.


The fight against TB in Rwanda has been a success over the years. The trend of TB cases declined since June 2011 from 7,230 to 5,763 cases in June 2016 despite the effort done to increase detection. Every year Community health worker contribute to 46% and 25% of TB presumptive referred to Health facilities and proportion of TB cases identified respectively. 95% of TB cases followed by CHW were successfully treated. 


Screening of TB was reinforced among high risk groups especially contacts of TB cases, people infected with HIV and prisoners. Reliable MDR-TB diagnosis capacity is available in 3 reference laboratories in Rwanda (National Reference Laboratory, Kigali and Butare University Teaching Hospitals) which are providing Xpert, LPAs, culture (on solid and liquid media) and DST for all eligible patients. 


Introduction of new diagnostics, in particular rapid tests for detection of MDR-TB decrease a turnaround time for solid culture to liquid culture from 87days to 8days.


Meanwhile, Genexpert machines were purchased and installed in all DH to improve the detection of TB and early identification of MDR TB cases. Currently 94% of all co-infected TB/HIV received ART before the end of TB treatment.


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